What is pediatrics? Wikipedia defines pediatrics as the “branch of medicine that deals with the medical care of infants, children and adolescents, and the age limit usually ranges from birth up to 18 (in some places until completion of secondary education).”
Abraham Jacobi (1830-1919) is known as the Father of Pediatrics and the aim of the study of pediatrics today is to lessen the rate of deaths on infant and children by preventing the spread of diseases that are infectious. This is to promote a good and healthy living and lifestyle and help ease the problems that children and adolescents with chronic conditions have to endure.
I can imagine parents especially moms who suffer more than their offspring, emotionally and financially, wishing to take their children’s pain instead.
Clinical researches are being conducted worldwide although there is a need to make pediatrics a priority research for treatments of child diseases, considering countless conditions that affect infants or children’s health. This would relieve parents from the anxiety they faced when their children are faced with common and rare diseases.
The University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) School of Medicine has a Pediatric Clinical Research Center that has been saving children’s lives for 40 years and is considered as one of the world’s leading medical research institutions, through their clinical practices.
They had a first-hand evaluation of the AZT (aziothymidine), where mothers with HIV get relieved for transmitting this dreadful virus to their newborn. This is a lifesaving phenomenon that was first discovered through clinical trial research. They have tested drugs, innovative medical devices and newly-discovered procedures. The Pediatric Clinical Research Center (PCRC) is supported by bionutrition services, a full-time child developmental psychologist, an early-phase clinical trial unit and a specialized sample processing laboratory.
Another school of medicine with a good research team is Stanford’s Pediatrics Department which has transformed laboratory innovations into therapies. Their physicians are engaged in a range of clinical research protocols. The improvement of their treatment options and results provided better treatment for childhood cancer and premature infants with lung disease. They have also evolved their non-surgical therapy for issues requiring heart operations. Researchers in their Clinical Research Department have outlined one of the very few units in the country that are dedicated only to pediatric research. Studies conducted have helped shape health care policy both at the state and national level.
Findings from different medical schools show that the following conditions affect infant and children’s health:
- Allergy (Pediatric)
- Anxiety Disorders (Pediatric)
- Arthritis and Arthritic Pain (Pediatric)
- Asperger’s Disorder
- Asthma (Pediatric)
- Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD – Pediatric)
- Bipolar Disorders (Pediatric)
- Birth Defects
- Body Composition
- Brain Tumor (Pediatric)
- Breast Feeding
- Cancer (Pediatric)
- Cerebral Palsy (Pediatric)
- Cholesterol Ester Storage Disease (CESD)
- Cytomegalovirus Infections
- Depression (Adolescent)
- Depression (Pediatric)
- Diabetes (Pediatric)
- Ear Infections
- Ear Infections (Pediatric)
- Epilepsy (Pediatric)
- Ewing’s Family Tumors
- Fabry Disease
- Friedreich’s Ataxia
- Growth Hormone Deficiencies/Abnormalities
- High Blood Pressure (Hypertension – Pediatric)
- Kawasaki Disease
- Kidney Disease (Pediatric)
- Learning Disorders
- Leukemia (Pediatric) (
- Lysosomal Acid Lipase Deficiency (LAL)
- Migraine (Pediatric)
- Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
- Otitis Media
- Pain (Pediatric)
- Pediatric Health
- Pompe Disease
- Primary Immunodeficiency Disorders
- Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) Infection
- Rheumatic Fever
- Rheumatoid Arthritis (Pediatric)
- Sarcoma (Pediatric)
- Schizophrenia and Schizoaffective Disorders (Pediatric)
- Strep Throat
- Tourette’s Syndrome
- Turner Syndrome
- Ulcerative Colitis (Pediatric)
- Wilms’ Tumor
- Wolman Disease
Pediatric research has helped minimize incidence of premature deaths and other pediatric diseases. Because children are at high risk of infections and low immunity to various diseases, more pediatric researches are being undertaken to discover new treatments and medical devices to control and alleviate the kids’ discomfort and pain.